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Romanian Journal of Medical and Dental Education Volum 6 Issue 2, 2017 BENEFICII ALE UTILIZÃRII LASERILOR ÎN PROCEDURILE CHIRURGICALE PROPROTETICE

BENEFICII ALE UTILIZÃRII LASERILOR ÎN PROCEDURILE CHIRURGICALE PROPROTETICE

Doriana Forna, Ciurcanu Elena Oana, Sãlceanu Mihaela, Topoliceanu Claudiu, Norina Forna, Popescu Eugenia

Abstract.

The complex oral rehabilitation aims the functions’ recovery of the stomatognathic system as well as the improvement of the clinical and biological indices of the prosthetic field. The pro-prosthetic stage includes the oral surgical procedures as follows: coronal elongation by gingivectomy and gingivoplasty, frenectomy, vestibuloplasty, sinus lifting, alveolar augmentation. Literature data sustain the laser-assissted pro-prosthetic surgical procedures due to a few benefits over conventional procedures. The most used lasers in the pro prosthetic stage are diode lasers (805nm-1064nm), Er:YAG laser (2780nm), and Er,Cr:YSGG laser (2940nm). The interaction with oral tissues is selective and accurate, reducing trauma, bleeding and postoperative complications. The excellent hemosthasis, the control over tissues ablation and the limited or absent postoperative pain are the major benefits of the laser-assisted surgical procedures performed in the pro-prosthetic stage.

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