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Romanian Journal of Medical and Dental Education Volum 8 Issue 5, 2019 STUDY ON THE PROPERTIES OF A NEW IRRIGANT USED IN THE ENDODONTIC THERAPY FALLOWED BY PROSTHETIC RESTORATIVE TREATMENT – A LITERATURE REVIEW-

STUDY ON THE PROPERTIES OF A NEW IRRIGANT USED IN THE ENDODONTIC THERAPY FALLOWED BY PROSTHETIC RESTORATIVE TREATMENT – A LITERATURE REVIEW-

Liana Aminov, Mihaela Salceanu, Yllka Decolli, Cristina Antohi, Lupu Iulian  Costin, Ovidiu Stamatin, Laura  Elisabeta Checherita

ABSTRACT

The purpose of endodontic therapy is the most judicious decontamination of the endodontic space and its subsequent sealing through a tight filling of the canal. In this sense, obtaining the permeability of the root canal system is essential. Of the irrigating solutions valid for endodontic use can be mentioned: NaOCl, EDTA, chlorhexidine, potassium iodide (IKI). However, none of these irrigants meet the ideal requirements, each having the advantages and disadvantages of their own. Materials and method: A number of 34  articles ranged from 2003 to 2015 were analyzed, in view to assess the cleanning effect  and the antibacterial properties of the MTAD, the newer irrigant used in the chemomechanical endodontic treatment. Conclusions: The studies  have demonstrated the efficacy of MTAD as an antimicrobial agent,  being very effective  in  removing the smear layer from the instrumented canal walls and favoring further  adhesive restorative and prosthetic procedures.

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