Romanian Journal of Medical and Dental Education Volum 5 Issue 2, 2016 Prevalența și tipul de edentație parțială redusă în rândul pacienților adulți din Iași, România

Prevalența și tipul de edentație parțială redusă în rândul pacienților adulți din Iași, România

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Doriana FORNA, Norina FORNA, Ramona Feier, Teona Tudorici

Abstract

Objective: The current study aimed to determine the prevalence and pattern of partial edentulism among dental patients attending the Faculty of Dentistry, U.M.F Gr.T.Popa Iasi, Romania. Patients and Methods: A total of 253 patients were selected, and the prevalence of partial edentulism among the selected patient was recorded. Patients were grouped into three age groups; Group I: 21-30 years, Group II: 31-40 years, and Group III: 41-50 years. Kennedy’s classification was used to determine the pattern of partially edentulous arches. Data was analyzed using the SPSS version 14.0 for windows. Results: The results showed that the occurrence of Kennedy Class I partial edentulism was 43,5 % in the maxillary arch and 24,1% in the mandibular arch. Followed by Class III in both maxillary and mandibular arch with an average of 23,7 % in maxillary arch and 41,5% in the mandibular arch. Based on these results, class I has the highest prevalence. Conclusions: Among selected patients, Class III dental arch was the most prevalent pattern in maxillary and mandibular arches. Class IV being the least dominant pattern between all classes. There are a rise in Kennedy Class I and Kennedy Class II pattern and a decline in Class III and Class IV with an increase in age.

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