Ionuţ-Cătălin Botezatu, George-Alexandru Maftei, Darius Sandu, Alexandru Flondor, Elena-Carmen Cotrutz, Nicoleta Ioanid
Dental fluorosis is a frequent oral pathology of the teeth, more specifically of enamel that is caused by excessive fluoride consumption during the formation of dental units. A multitude of factors have been shown to be related to the etiology of dental fluorosis, most commonly food, drinking water, supplements and toothpaste. Regarding pathogenesis, this aspect is not yet fully apparent, however environmental and also genetic factors have been incriminated. Prevalence of dental fluorosis is on the rise globally as such, certain health policies and management strategies should be adopted.
According to the severity of the disease, several treatment options are available, from minimally invasive in the more mild cases, to more extensive prosthetic dental work, such as veneers or dental crowns, for severe clinical situations in which the enamel is markedly affected.
This review discusses the most frequent factors incriminated in the appearance of dental fluorosis and discusses possible treatment options for the clinician for a better overall management of these patients.