Maria-Alexandra Martu, Ionut Luchian, Cristian Romanec, Liliana Pasarin, George-Alexandru Maftei, Ana-Petra Lazar, Silvia Martu, Irina Zetu, Sorina-Mihaela Solomon
In each study we have tried to illustrate typical scenarios encountered in the clinic that may be accompanied by complications and possibly even be induced by treatment errors, together with recommendations on how they can be avoided or how they can be rescued, based on the currently available evidence and on expert opinion.
The interplay between the application of orthodontic forces to stimulate tooth movement and the reaction of the affected periodontal tissues is complex.
While most of the time possible damage to the periodontal tissues is transient with no long-term detrimental effects on periodontal health, in some instances major undesirable consequences have been reported. In other situations, orthodontic therapy can be of benefit in solving problems caused by periodontitis. In conclusion, the present review has identified several areas of concern, in which orthodontic treatment, can have unwanted adverse effects on periodontal disease, but also areas with great potential for synergies between orthodontic and periodontal therapy.