Horia Lăzărescu, Andreea Dona Iordan-Dumitru, Andrei Kozma, Claudiu Topoliceanu, Doriana Agop Forna, Agnes K. Lackner, Norina Forna
The aim of this review was to highlight the status of oral hygiene and oral health in patients from different age groups diagnosed with diabetes type 1 and type 2. Materials and method. A literature review on aspects related to oral health, oral hygiene levels in diabetic type 2 patients was conducted. Relevant clinical studies were searched through PubMed, and Scopus database. The search terms used were as follows: oral health, oral hygiene, diabetes. We included publications in English language, written in the last 20 years. Results. The oral hygiene level is poor for children, young adults and middle age patients. Diabetes patients have higher cariogenic and periodontal risk comparing with non-diabetes. Conclusions: In patients with diabetes xerostomia, dental caries, and periodontal disease are most frequently diagnosed, comparing with healthy patients. This category of patients requires intensive and constant oral hygiene training and the increase of awareness regarding the importance of oral hygiene habits in the maintaining the oral health.