Romanian Journal of Medical and Dental Education Volum 8 Issue 12, 2019 KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES REGARDING THE TRANSMISSION OF BLOOD INFECTION AMONG GENERAL AND DENTAL STUDENTS IN IASI, ROMANIA

KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES REGARDING THE TRANSMISSION OF BLOOD INFECTION AMONG GENERAL AND DENTAL STUDENTS IN IASI, ROMANIA

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Adina Armencia, Iulia Saveanu, Dana Budala, Maria Bolat,  Loredana Hurjui, Irina Gradinaru, Ramona Feier, Sorana Zetu, Carina Balcos

Abstract

High percentages of infected people worldwide increase the chances of contamination of medical staff and patients (cross-infection) due to incorrect assessment of these sources of infection.The aim of this study is to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes regarding the transmission of blood infection among general and dental students in Iasi. Matherial and methods:Across-sectional study was conducted between November 2018 and July 2019 on a number of 156 first and second year students of the Faculty of General Medicine and Dentistry.A well-structured questionnaire was used to collect information on the socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents, the knowledge on the method of transmission and prevention of the hepatitis B virus and the practice for the prevention of HBV.Results: The results of the statistical analysis show that 75% of participants believe that HBV infection can occur at any age and consider that this infection affects only the liver, 79% of students know that this infection is transmitted through the blood. Medical instruments and especially non-sterile surgical instruments are another way of transmitting HBV infection, a question to which 88% of students correctly. To the other items of the questionnaire the percentage of correct responses indicate an important lack of knowdlege in terms of transmission and prevention of HBV infection. Conclusions: The level of knowledge among students about the dangers of transmitting hepatitis B and its prevention is modest. It is recommended to implement a policy for complete vaccination and training in the field of infection prevention for all general medical students to reduce the risk of infection transmission.

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