Romanian Journal of Medical and Dental Education Volum 9 Issue 6, 2020 METHODS OF ANTIBIOTIC PROPHYLAXIS IN SUBJECTS AT INFECTIOUS HIGH RISK

METHODS OF ANTIBIOTIC PROPHYLAXIS IN SUBJECTS AT INFECTIOUS HIGH RISK

Raluca-Cristina Mocanu, Cristian Martu, Irina-Georgeta Sufaru, Maria-Alexandra Martu, George-Alexandru Maftei, Diana Anton, Liliana Pasarin, Ioana Martu

Abstract

Antibiotics represent an important adjunctive method in the complex and effective periodontal therapy. Moreover, beside the curative effects of antibiotics, antibiotic prophylaxis needs to be taken into account when particular cases of infectious risk patients need to be correctly approached. An important criterion in the antibiotic prohylaxis selection includes the physiopathological state of the patient: his general state of health, his immune status, his medical-surgical history, his comorbidities and his current medications. All this in order not to carry out contraindicated associations and to avoid the potentiation of undesirable effects. Compliance with these selection criteria maximizes therapeutic efficacy while limiting individual risks (hypersensitivity, adverse effects) but also collective risks with respect to the emergence of bacterial resistance. In summary, antibiotic therapy must be justified with the best efficacy, the best possible tolerance and at a reasonable cost. In addition, the methods of compliance and the duration of the treatment can direct towards preferred molecules.

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