Romanian Journal of Medical and Dental Education Volum 9 Issue 2, 2020 MULTIPLE LOCAL AND SYSTEMIC CONDITIONS AS PREDISPOSING RISK FACTORS FOR PERIODONTAL DISEASE EVOLUTION AND DECREASED QUALITY OF LIFE

MULTIPLE LOCAL AND SYSTEMIC CONDITIONS AS PREDISPOSING RISK FACTORS FOR PERIODONTAL DISEASE EVOLUTION AND DECREASED QUALITY OF LIFE

Petra Surlin, Dorin-Nicolae Gheorghe, Dora Popescu, Luminita Lazar, Ionut Luchian, Maria-Alexandra Martu

Abstract

Local risk factors could influence directly the periodontium, the most often involved local risk factors being dental calculus, malocclusions, improper or aged and degraded dental or prosthetic treatments, orthodontic appliances, affecting also the masticatory, esthetical and phonetical function consequently decreasing the quality of life.  A good domestic plaque control performed by the patient and its removal professionally may be insufficient for the resolution of periodontal inflammation, as the local/systemic risk factors may still favour plaque accumulation or cause a misbalance of the host immune response. Therefore, plaque removal should be always accompanied by a sustained effort of the dental practitioners’ team to correct, or to, at least, control the predisposing local and systemic risk factors.

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