Romanian Journal of Medical and Dental Education Volum 8 Issue 4, 2019 STUDY REGARDING THE PERIODONTAL STATUS OF THE PATIENTS WITH IMPLANT-PROSTHETIC REHABILITATION

STUDY REGARDING THE PERIODONTAL STATUS OF THE PATIENTS WITH IMPLANT-PROSTHETIC REHABILITATION

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Liviu Manole, Liliana Pasarin, Norina Consuela Forna, Silvia Mârțu

Abstract.

Aim of study. The aim of study was to assess the periodontal status of the edentulous patients with implant-prosthetic restorations. Materials and method. The study group included 20 patients (14 males, 6 females), aged 22-59 years (mean age 46,8), with implant-prosthetic rehabilitation performed 3-5 years ago.  All patients were selected from those that did not attend bacterial plaque control sessions in the last 6 months. The periodontal status was assessed following anamnesis, clinical exam (indices: BOP, Silness-Loe, PPD, CAL, PDI), radiographic exam (type and extension of the marginal alveolar lysis).  Albandar criteria were used to classify patients according to the periodontal disease stages. Results. Most of the implant-prosthetic rehabilitated patients that did not attended to control periodontal and periimplant sessions in the last 6 months present bacterial plaque (PI 0,35)  levels and at least one periodontal site with bleeding on probing (70%). All patients were diagnosed with generalised chronic marginal periodontal disease (30% early, 50% moderate, 20% severe). Conclusions. The study highlights the relation between periodontal status and the low compliance of the patients to bacterial plaque control sessions and confirms the need for effective education and motivation of the patients with implant-prosthetic restorations.

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