Hurjui Ion, Șerban Ionela Lăcrămioara, Hurjui Loredana Liliana, Jipu Raluca, Mitrea Mihaela, Balcos Carina, Grădinaru Irina
Recent research on the histophysiology of the dental pulp has managed to explain a number of aspects regarding the microcirculation of the pulp territory. The main functions of the pulpal microcirculation are to supply the pulpal tissue with oxygen and nutrients in the necessary concentration and pressure (through the arterial circulation), and to ensure the removal of metabolic products (through the return venous circulation). The circulation must be in accordance with the physiological needs of the pulpal tissue and the vascular intraluminal pressure must be in equilibrium with the tissue pressure.
In conclusion, a thorough knowledge of vascularization, innervation and pulpal hemodynamics, as well as its regulation in physiological and pathological conditions, are essential for the management of prophylaxis and therapeutics of dental pulp pathology.