George-Alexandru Maftei, Ana-Maria Filioreanu, Carmen Stelea, Cristian Budacu, Diana Anton, Cristina Popa
Wound healing, as a normal biological process in the human body, is achieved through four precise and clearly programmed phases: hemostasis, inflammation, proliferation and remodeling. For a wound to heal successfully, all four phases must occur in the appropriate sequence and time frame. Many factors can interfere with one or more phases of this process, causing inadequate or affected wound healing. A better understanding of the influence of these factors on healing can lead to a therapeutic attitude that improves wound healing. In spite of numerous advancements in dentistry and contemporary oral surgery, the basis of most dental treatments continues to be dentoalveolar surgery.
The appropriate medical act not only comprises a precise diagnosis, efficient aesthesia, and proficient surgical technique, but the clinician must also have a complete grasp of the succession of physiologic biological phenomena that culminate in a healed post-extraction site without unwanted sequelae.
In this two part series we will explore the factors which can cause wound healing problems in the oral cavity in order to obtain a most satisfying clinical outcome.